ENGLISH: The Administrative System and Governance under the Caliphate of Hazrat Umer Farooq (R.A): As Founder of the First Welfare State of the World
Keywords:Islam, Farooq-e-Azam (RA), Administration, Justice, Welfare State, Madina.
There are very few personalities in the history of the world who have so many talents and virtues together that on the one hand the victories and system of government have equality, justice, religious tolerance at its peak and on the other hand spirituality and asceticism. Piety and vision were also seen in their full perfection. In the entire history of mankind, there is no one who can be considered as Farooq Azam in this regard. When it came to justice, he looked unique and distinguished because of his practical role. He did not differentiate between the weak and the powerful, and even showed justice to his appointed governor and his son in the same way that they applied justice to a common man. These were the attributes that seem to work behind his victories and good governance during his caliphate early days of Islam. This research paper is primarily an analytical study and basically focuses on the administrative system of government formed by Hazrat Umer (R.A). This paper explores that he formed the most idealist government system in Islamic state which was based on justice. He is considered the founder of first welfare state of the world as compared to the two major existing powers i.e. Iran and Rome as neighboring countries.
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