Al-Dalili 2023-02-12T06:23:22-05:00 Dr. Ghulam Murtaza Open Journal Systems ENGLISH: Separation of East Pakistan in the context of Modern History of Islamic Republic of Pakistan (1969-71) 2022-08-09T12:48:31-04:00 Shazia jaffar <p>The present research sought to determine the” Separation of East Pakistan in the Context of Modern History of Pakistan”(1969-71). A Historical research was conducted, along with the qualitative study design and secondary data used to achieve the study’s objectives. The findings revealed that, since its inception, Pakistan has faced Socio-political, geographical and Economic uncertainty. East Pakistan, as a constituent part of Pakistan was deprived of its legal rights.&nbsp; In fact eastern wing was separated from the west Pakistan due to numerous causes, Which are called responsible segregating and unstable relationship between&nbsp; these two states. Hence, based on the outcomes of this study, the following recommendations are suggested. The present research opens up new avenues for researchers and historians to explore the historical prospect of the separation the Eastern wing from the West Pakistan, major factors of separation of east Pakistan, Indian involvement in eastern part and establishment of independent state of &nbsp;Bangladesh.</p> 2023-02-12T00:00:00-05:00 Copyright (c) 2023 CC Attribution 4.0 ENGLISH: Women Empowerment: A Case Study with Reference to Education and Social Status in Pakistan 2022-08-11T03:32:38-04:00 Muhammad Owaim Nadeem Prof. Dr. Nadeem-ud-din Rohama Nadeem <p>Women's empowerment is the process of enhancing and improving the social, economic, political, and legal power of women in order to guarantee their equality and give them the self- assurance to assert their rights, including the freedom to live their lives with a sense of self-worth, respect, and dignity, and to have total control over their lives both inside and outside of the home and the workplace. The right for women to be heard is a legal right. The percentage of women in the world's population is about 50%. There are a lot of unemployed women in the world. The present study “Impact of women empowerment on their socio-economic conditions (A case study of Multan Cantt) was conducted in Multan Cantt. Random sampling method was used. The major goals of the current study were to identify the many socioeconomic elements that contribute to women's empowerment and the difficulties that women confront in society. Different things including educational level, economic standing, occupation, marital status, work status, family structure, etc. all affect empowerment differently. These elements are interconnected, with each having an impact on the others.</p> 2023-02-09T00:00:00-05:00 Copyright (c) 2023 CC Attribution 4.0 ENGLISH: Critical Analysis regarding Traditional and Islamic Banking in Pakistan 2023-02-11T06:51:29-05:00 Abdul Aziz Khan Niazi Prof. Dr. Nadeem Malik <p>The basic aim of this research study is to investigate the performance of conventional and Islamic banking system in Pakistan. The study uses the descriptive method with qualitative design. This study basically relies solely upon secondary sources. The prime aim of this study was to highlight the performance of Islamic and Conventional banking systems in Pakistan in the light of previous research literatures.</p> 2023-02-10T00:00:00-05:00 Copyright (c) 2023 CC Attribution 4.0 URDU: براہوئی ادب میں لوک شاعری : ایک جائزہ 2023-01-08T06:56:45-05:00 Dr. Nizam ud Din Abdul Raziq Raj <p>The history of folk literature of any language is associated with the history of that very language.&nbsp; The initial form of the language comes into existence in a dialect form first in the streets. On the second place, the language reaches the laps of the people and, so on, to the villages and even to the diwankhanas. Likewise, after reaching the properties, the public role in the formation of the language is forgotten i.e. the language ignores its roots. By the way, the folk literature of every language has its origin from the streets. Similarly, Brahui folk literature also originates from the streets and the folk poetry. The interesting thing about folk literature is that its founder is not a single man. In addition, there is no specific evidence about the origin of Brahui poetry because it can be said about the origin of Brahui poetry that the shepherds used to hum while tending their sheep and the words themselves were like pearls in a string and the same process of humming has taken the form of folk songs. The fact is that some genres of folk poetry in Brahui are still very strong today. Keeping these discussions in mind, in this research article, an attempt has been made to present Brahui folk poetry in a scientific manner.</p> 2023-02-07T00:00:00-05:00 Copyright (c) 2023 CC Attribution 4.0 URDU: کوروناوباء اور احکام طہارت و نماز پراس کے اثرات 2023-01-08T07:32:03-05:00 Hafiz Shabeer Ahmed Dr. Ghulam Murtaza Kakar Hafiz Nazeer Ahmed <p>At present the whole world and especially the world of Islam is going through a period of plague, it is not hidden from any sensitive and sympathetic person. The spread of an epidemic on such a large scale is unprecedented in the history of mankind as it has enveloped the whole world on a large scale. Every part of the planet, from west to east, from north to south, developed and undeveloped Countries, including the Muslim and non-Muslim world, are not free from this disease, as if it has gripped every individual in the world. Outbreaks appear to be exacerbated in the past, but these epidemics have come in the age of modern technology, in a whole new way. Here it is. Whether it is business or domestic life, leisure or educational activities and worships or affairs, the epidemic has affected everything and has given rise to new problems. It has greatly affected Muslims in matters of worship, especially in matters of purity and prayers, and has also affected the rules of jurisprudence in various matters relating to purification and prayers. For example, the distance between the rows, praying in the houses and limiting the number of worships, even closing the mosque. What is the ruling on these issues in the context of this epidemic? What are the implications in the time of pandemic? Therefore, in this short article, the rules of jurisprudence related to purification and prayer and their epidemics will be reviewed and it will be clarified what changes take place in the rules of Islam due to the change of time and what are affected according to the Sharia objectives.</p> 2023-02-07T00:00:00-05:00 Copyright (c) 2023 CC Attribution 4.0 URDU: پشتون شعراء كی فقہى خدمات کا مختصر جائزہ 2023-01-08T08:05:13-05:00 Dr. Hafiz Rehmatullah Niazi Dr. Syed Bacha Agha <p>The history of Pashto literature spreads over five thousand years having its roots in the oral tradition of tapa. However, the first recorded period begins in 7th century with Amir Karor Suri (a warrior poet). Later, Pir Roshan, (1526–1574). Among his disciples are some of the most distinguished poets, writers, scholars and sufis, like Arzani, Mukhlis, Mirza Khan Ansari, Daulat and Wasil, whose poetic works are well preserved. Akhund Darweza (1533–1615), a popular religious leader and scholar gave a powerful counterblast to Bayazid’s movement in the shape of Makhzanul Islam. He and his disciples have enriched the Pashto language and literature by writing several books of prose. The second period is perhaps the most prolific and glorious one. Khushal Khan Khattak (1613-89), father of Pashto, is the central figure of this period. The fourth period begins with the dawn of the twentieth century. The Khilafat and Hijrat Movements gave rise to a type of poetry that called out to soldiers of freedom. This article presents Jurisprudence services of Pashtun poets</p> 2023-02-08T00:00:00-05:00 Copyright (c) 2023 CC Attribution 4.0 URDU: عیسائیت اور اسلام کے بنیادی عقائد کا تقابلی جائزہ 2023-02-09T13:53:00-05:00 Aisha Javeed Dr. Nosheen Zaheer <p>Man received guideline from Almighty Allah from the time of his creation as the first man was bestowed with the light of revelation. The revelation having metaphysical source that leads to name these religions as revealed religion (<em>sami adyan</em>). This article aims to compare the basic beliefs of the two revealed religions, Islam and Christianity through comparative approach. The Christian’s claimed revealed text of Bible will be compared to <em>Quranic</em> text to find similarities and difference between these two religions in the concept of God, prophethood, revealed books, day of judgment and the concept of salvation.</p> 2023-02-09T00:00:00-05:00 Copyright (c) 2023 CC Attribution 4.0 URDU: مرویات حضرت ام سلمہ رضی اللہ تعالیٰ عنھا کا بحیثیت مفسر قرآن تحقیقی جائزہ 2023-02-12T06:23:22-05:00 BiBi Sitara Dr. Nosheen Zaheer <p>The mothers of Muslim <em>Ummah</em> (<em>Ummahat ul Momini</em>) are the treasure house of the <em>Ahadith</em> of Prophet Muhammad (P.B.U.H.). These narrations are mostly narrated by Hazat Aisha (R. A.) and Hazrat Umm e Salam (R.A.). The present study will focus to search the role of Hazrat Umm e Salma as a commentator of Quran. These narrations cover the topics of Prophet Muahmmad’s <em>qirat</em> (recitation) of Quranic verses (mentioned in the research paper), the narrations addressing female issues including the duration of <em>iddat</em> of pregnant woman, duration of <em>Radhaat</em>(lactation), <em>pardah</em> and the questions clarifying the position of women in regard of religious obligatory rituals like<em> jihad</em>, narration regarding the repentance of <em>Sahabi Rasool</em> and the narration regarding the vow of Prophet Muhammad (P.B.U.H.).</p> 2023-02-16T00:00:00-05:00 Copyright (c) 2023 CC Attribution 4.0 URDU: سفرنامہ افغانستان (تاریخ، مشاہدات، معلومات) 2023-02-01T12:35:20-05:00 Dr. Syed Bacha Agha <p>Ever wanted to learn about a different country? Then, a travelogue may be the genre for you! Travelogues follow the protagonist as they embark on a trip either around their own country or somewhere new entirely. They are often humorous, but always informative and are an easy way to learn about far often places. However, it has been my hobby for a long time to travel often. This year I went on a tourist trip to Afghanistan. Seen different areas, got acquainted with their history and customs and made acquaintances and relationships with many new people.</p> 2023-02-16T00:00:00-05:00 Copyright (c) 2023 CC Attribution 4.0 BALOCHI: بلوچی کْوھنیں شائریءِ دْروشمءُ فارم 2023-02-07T10:00:36-05:00 Muhammad Sadiq Saba Dr. Rahim Bakhsh Mehr <p>Including the subjects and narration, the form also has an immense significance in poetry. Moreover, the form plays a very essential role to express the subjects. That is why the form is known as a fundamental requirement of poetry in every language. Various poets and writers have depoliticized their opinions and thoughts in regards with the form of Balochi Classic Poetry. Some of them have compared it with Masnavi and some others have named it free verse. If we have a glance over the form of Balochi Classic Poetry, one can find the usage of rhyming words and in this reason some of the writers have considered it blank verse or ballad. But such poetry cannot be deliberated free verse or blank verse, but they have a different form along with the same rhyme and continued techniques and subjects. The form of these poems seems more relevant to blank verse and we can consider the form of Balochi Classic Poetry blank verse rather than other poetic form.</p> 2023-02-07T00:00:00-05:00 Copyright (c) 2023 CC Attribution 4.0 BALOCHI: بلوچی ءِکہنیں ردانکءِسراچمشانک 2023-01-08T09:28:07-05:00 Dr. Zahid Hussain Dashti Durdana <p>Balochi old Prose is a rich body of oral literature. It is quite old and no one seems to give the evidence that which of the writing is the first and which are the first poetries and who are their writer and creator. Balochi prose s first writing are those fables, riddle and proverbs which are passing through generation to generation. In This research article discussed creation, history and tradition of Balochi old prose likely fable, folk stories, riddles and proverbs. Similarly, Baloch‘s hand writing, Hochman‘s and kamalan Gichki‘s books are reviewed. These two books are first books of Balochi literature and for development of Balochi prose. The Balochi stories were created and told by them and the stories came from one person to others. &nbsp;Makhtaba Durkhani has played great role for promotion of Balochi Prose, but these books are related religious. Baloch’s old prose history, sources of creation and prose genres have been over through in this research paper.</p> 2023-02-07T00:00:00-05:00 Copyright (c) 2023 CC Attribution 4.0