Al-Dalili en-US (Prof. Dr. Abdul Ali Achakzai) (Dr. Ghulam Murtaza, Sub Editor) Sat, 06 Aug 2022 00:00:00 -0400 OJS 60 ENGLISH: Spelling Issues of Brahui Language; Causes and Suggestions. <p>Brahui language with five long and three short vowels includes with three diphthongs. generally known as vowel-oriented language and now is being written in Nastaaliq script. Brahui does not have his own script yet. on the other hand, used to be written in four different scripts in different periods. The main problem with Brahui spelling and calligraphy is that the Brahui language did not create its own form of writing. Therefore, the voice of ایی (e), آ (aa), ٓ زبر (a), او (o) اوو (uu) are not notified in Brahui’s current writing shape. The purpose of this research paper is to highlight the problems of spelling in Brahui writing system and unwritten vowels have been identified. Furthermore, discussed the causes of some phonemes which are reflects in speech but are missing in writing. Which results that four different symbols are used to denoted a single vowel. &nbsp;Such vowels change their forms at the beginning, middle and end of the words. This leads to spelling mistakes. There are also four suggestions for identifying and resolving the long-standing problems of Brahui spelling, by following which spelling mistakes in Brahui language will be 99% accurate.</p> Dr. Liaquat Ali Sani, Dr. Yousaf Ali Rodeni, Muneer Ahmed Hanfi Copyright (c) 2022 CC Attribution 4.0 Sat, 06 Aug 2022 00:00:00 -0400 ENGLISH: Spread of Islam in Eastern Europe and Russian Federation: Post-Soviet Dissolution <p>The invasion of the USSR of neighboring country Afghanistan led to its dismemberment. The Warsaw Pact East European countries, namely Albania, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, East Germany, Hungary, Poland, and Romania, got freedom from the USSR's yoke and followed their independent foreign policies. The freedom from the wrath of the Red Army of the USSR led to the revival of Islam in respective countries, especially Albania, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Poland, Romania, and even in the later formed Russian Federation. As a result, in the contemporary era, open association with different religions has become a big part of Eastern European’s national character. The research uses a direct and straightforward methodology of research, i.e., secondary analysis methodology was adopted.</p> Muhammad Ahad Yar Khan, Dr. Tansif ur Rehman Copyright (c) 2021 Al-Dalili Sun, 07 Aug 2022 00:00:00 -0400 ENGLISH: Suicide Ideation among Creative Writers and its Relationship with Self-Esteem <p>According to literature, creative writers are more likely to commit suicide than the general population. Creativity, on the other hand, may be harmful to one's mental health. Suicidal ideation and low self-esteem are two of these issues. Until now,&nbsp;research has focused on the writings of creative writers who have committed suicide. This study is directly relevant to poets and fiction writers who are suffering with suicide ideation and low self-esteem. According to the findings of this study, there is a negative relationship between self-esteem and suicide ideation in creative writers. Fiction writers have a higher risk of suicidal thoughts than poets. Furthermore, Self-esteem has a predictive influence on suicide ideation. The findings highlight many considerations regarding the mental health challenges that creative writers face, which require to be resolved.</p> Wasaf Basit, Dr. Sara Mehmood Durrani, Dr. Saima Ambreen Copyright (c) 2022 CC Attribution 4.0 Sun, 07 Aug 2022 00:00:00 -0400 ENGLISH: Role of Ulama and Sufis in Organizing the Muslim Society in the Ancient History of Subcontinent <p>In the preservation of Islam, its beliefs and tenets, firstly the ulama and secondly the Sufis played a dominant role. In the capital cities, Where the upper class of Muslim society lived, the ulema were the custodians of religion, and in the remote places among the masses, the sufis worked most effectively, generation after generation only to preserve the inner spirit of lslam among the Muslims but also to win thousands of converts from the downtrodden Hindu masses to whom even elementary human rights had been denied by their co-religionists. The spread of Islam in the subcontinent is the story of the tireless efforts of the numerous saints and sufis who dedicated their lives to the cause of the service of humanity. In winning converts these holy men were helped by two important factors. The evils of the caste system among the Hindus were at their worst on the eve of the Muslim conquest and because of the simple and unassertive life pattern of sufis, their devotion to the love and worship of the Almighty God and their love for suffering humanity, were tremendously devoted to fulfil this humanitarian and liberating mission of Islam.</p> Shazia Jaffar Copyright (c) 2022 CC Attribution 4.0 Tue, 09 Aug 2022 00:00:00 -0400 ENGLISH: Literary Dynamics of English Language in Azad Jammu and Kashmir <p>This particular research paper is an attempt to shed light on “Literary Dynamics of English Language in Azad Jammu and Kashmir” Azad Kashmir is one of the richest areas of the world in terms of Linguistic diversity. The official language of Azad Kashmir is Urdu, while English is used in higher domains. The majority of the population, however, is native speakers of other languages. The foremost among these is Pahari–Pothwari with its various dialects. The role of English Department of the University of Azad Jammu and Kashmir in the promotion of English Linguistics is exemplary. This study will be a wonderful contribution for the new researchers.</p> Dr Mir Yousaf Mir, Dr Ambreen Khawja, Shabnam Gul Copyright (c) 2022 CC Attribution 4.0 Thu, 11 Aug 2022 00:00:00 -0400 URDU: الاصابۃ فی تمییز الصحابۃ میں ابن حجر عسقلانی ؒ کے اسلوب و منہج کا تجزیاتی مطالعہ <p>Indeed, the lives of the companions of Prophet Muhammad (S.A.W) have prominent influence all over the history of Muslims and its effectiveness will certainly be continued at the end of this universe. The study of their lives, customs, traditions and beliefs is an essential part to present the perfect, complete and true picture of Islamic culture and society. It is also dire need of modern Islamic society that its growth and development should be made sure through the implementation of true spirit by following the commands of Allah which has been revealed upon Prophet Muhammad (S.A.W) and practiced throughout the best era of al-Khulafāʾ ar-Rāšidūn. A number of books has about this period has been written by several authors but the literacy work of Ibn Ḥajar al-'Asqalānī is remarkable and prominent. His distinguish name is authentic as narrator of Hadith. <strong>“AL-ISĀBA FĪ&nbsp; TAM’YĪZ AS-SAḤĀBAH</strong>" is his&nbsp; subtle and splendid have a good materials related to that era. He devoted forty years of his life for the composition of this masterpiece. His critical, analytical, unique methodology and best memory made this book more beneficial and fruitful for the study of knowledge of the companion of Prophet Muhammad (S.A.W). This is a basic source and comprehensive book which revealed the history through the chain of narrators. In this article, the methodology of Ibn Ḥajar al-'Asqalānī ‘s above mentioned book has been discussed because the unique distribution of chapters made this book difficult for the students of ḥadīth and Sīrah. It is a great contribution for researchers of this field and so many new aspects also come out in this respect.</p> Hafiz Muhammad Asif Javeed, Prof. Dr. Ali Asghar Chishti Copyright (c) 2022 CC Attribution 4.0 Sun, 07 Aug 2022 00:00:00 -0400 URDU: محمد عاصم بٹ کےافسانوی کرداروں پر وجودی اثرات:خصوصی مطالعہ <p>The researcher has conducted his distinctive study on one of the significant aspects of Urdu Literature. The title is an explicit indication of his empirical adventure “Muhammad Asim Butt's Existential Impact on Fictional Characters”. The researcher has done his efforts for relating the fictional characters to real life. The research work is unique in its nature; however, there is huge space for further unveiling the several layers of fictional avenues. This scientific work can be termed very valuable asset for the future researchers.</p> Dr. Mir Yousaf Mir , Saira Qayum, Aqib Shazad Copyright (c) 2022 CC Attribution 4.0 Tue, 09 Aug 2022 00:00:00 -0400 URDU: پروفیسر نظیر صدیقی۔ہشت پہلو ادیب <p>Nazir Siddiqi was undoubtfully well rounded literary personality. He was author of 28 Books, in which 19 Books are in Urdu and 8 in English. His basic shade was criticism. He was very skilled in Urdu Prose as well. He also wrote feature, Columns and Articles. He has particular style in writing Essay (Inshaa,iya) . at same time he was Safar nama nigar , Inshaa,iya nigar, Khaka nigar, Translater and Poet. He had vast study in English literature and insight on modern English literature. His poetry “Hasrat e Izhar” manifests the angle of his vision and mode of his thinking. More over he has been contributing critical Articiles, Ligh Essay, Poems and literature Scatch. Nazeer Siddiqi was highly committed writer , creativity for his was serious business and he was an honest person with an open mind.</p> Maqsood Ilahi Kundi, Dr. Noreena Tehreem Babar Copyright (c) 2022 CC Attribution 4.0 Tue, 09 Aug 2022 00:00:00 -0400 URDU: مقننہ کے ممبران کا تقرر اور دائرہ اختیار ایک تحقیقی جائزہ <p>It is the principle of the Islamic system that the shura is the most important factor in its establishment and perpetuation. If there is no clear text in any issue related to individual or politically educational and economics and sociology, then consultation is the most important element of its solution. In the Islamic system of government, the Shura Committee has superiority over the administrative bodies and leads them, while the Shura Committee of the current Pakistani government has limited responsibilities and fewer powers than the Shura in Islam. The head of state is bound by the shura despite having education and training based on divine support and revelation.</p> Dr. Sadia Noreen, Dr. Hafiz Muhammad Ishaq Copyright (c) 2022 CC Attribution 4.0 Thu, 11 Aug 2022 00:00:00 -0400 URDU: اردو زبان کی ترویج و اشاعت میں علماء و صوفیاء کا کردار <p>Urdu Language became most prominent in sub-continent due to Islamic Scholars, preachers, writers and reformers. They adopted it as a main tool their religious activities. They converted Islamic literature in Urdu from Arabic and Persian languages. After their arrival in this region, they engaged in it with fully devotion, translated Holy Quran &amp; traditions of Holy Prophet (PBUH) and wrote millions books in all aspects of its literature &amp; linguistics. Muslim rulers, scholars, preachers, debaters, leaders, Sufis and traders promoted Urdu as their heritage from 17<sup>th</sup> century till now and developed it in all types of literature like poetry, drama, novel, history, biographies and stories etc. All types of poetry and prose had been written in Urdu language by Muslim scholars and Sufis such as Moulana Altaf Hussian Haali, Mufti Muhammad Shafi, Moulana Ahmed Raza Khan, Abu al ahla Moudodi, moulvi Abdul Haq, Mufti Taqi Usmani, Moulana Israr Ahmed, Abdul Salam bhatvi,Abdul Hakeem Sharaf Qadri and Alama Mohsin Najfi. Today Urdu language is popular in all over the world and accepted as 3<sup>rd</sup> biggest language because of Muslim’s love and efforts.</p> Hafiz Muhammad Rauf, Dr. Sanaullah Hussain Copyright (c) 2022 CC Attribution 4.0 Thu, 11 Aug 2022 00:00:00 -0400 ARABIC: إسھام علماء لاھور فی النثر العربي <p>Before and after the advent of Islam, the Arabs travelled to India for trade. With the establishment of trade relations between the Arabs and the people of India, the teaching and promotion of Arabic language and literature started up. The Indigenous people of the subcontinent worked hard to acquire religious learnings and fine arts. With the passage of time, the centers for the education and training of Arabic language and literature were established all over the subcontinent. During the period of Mughals there was a large number of oriental scholars and linguistics in the subcontinent. Afterwards, the British empire used all its resources to divert people from Arabic language and literature towards English language and culture despite that the trend to receive Islamic teachings and to learn Arabic language and literature kept increasing. After the partition of Subcontinent, Pakistan came into being. In Pakistan the scholars and linguists of Arabic wrote many books for the enhancement of Arabic language and literature and also for the promotion of religious teachings. There established prominent institutions, universities and Madaris for the promotion of oriental studies. The scholars of Lahore contributed much for this great task. These Scholars composed numerous books and research articles for the revival and development of Arabic language and Literature. The Scholars wrote various books of Arabic prose, Tafseer, Hadith, Islamic Jurisprudence, logic, Philosophy, Rhetoric and Discourse. Certain Scholars interpreted and evaluated Arabic sermons, Fables, Short Stories and novels as well.</p> Dr. Hafiz Muhammad Younus, Dr. Abdul Khaliq Wattoo Copyright (c) 2022 CC Attribution 4.0 Sun, 07 Aug 2022 00:00:00 -0400 ARABIC: تَبْيينُ تحقیقِ الْفلاسِفةِ وکلامِهم الوارِدۃِ فی ((التّمِیْز)) لِعبْدالْعزِیز لفًّاونشْرًا (مِن الأَحَد والثّلاثِين إلی ستِّين) <p>This article is an effort to discuss the ideology of ‘<em>Abdul- ‘Azīz Parhārvī about</em> philosophy and philosophers which contributed for the promoting and promulgating of this science. In this regard, ‘Abdul- ‘Azīz Parhārvī has selected some prominent philosophers in his valuable manuscript Al-tamyīz and this article will discuss from thirty first to sixty scholars among those. This article will highlight the significance of his work that why this work is important in the science of Philosophy and what is the importance of ‘Abdul- ‘Azīz Parhārvī among philosophers. Moreover, it will highlight the cause of selection of these philosophers that why these philosophers were selected by ‘Abdul- ‘Azīz Parhārvī that why these philosophers were chose among thousands of philosophers and which factors are common among those. This article will be beneficial for new researchers and become a landmark about this topic.</p> Hafiz Ahmed Saeed Rana, Dr. Abuzar Khalil Copyright (c) 2022 CC Attribution 4.0 Sun, 07 Aug 2022 00:00:00 -0400 ARABIC : بنية اللغة الشعرية وتجلياتها لدى العمري <p>This study aims to reveal the poetic language and its manifestations in the novels of (Muhammad Abdul -Salam al-Omari), through an applied study on his novels and to identify the most prominent features of this phenomenon. The research began with an introduction and then moved to the poetic language and through it we tried to shed light on the following elements: First: the poetic lexicon. Second: the poetic rhythm. Third: poetic structure/syntactic displacement. Fourth: intertextuality poetry.</p> Irshad Azam, Dr. Kausar Arshad Copyright (c) 2022 CC Attribution 4.0 Wed, 10 Aug 2022 00:00:00 -0400 ARABIC: الواقعية بين المفتى والإفتاء <p>The institution of religious rulings has been continuously deteriorating and it seems to be totally stagnant nowadays. Unfortunately, if any ruling is passed over any hyped issue, it becomes subject to severe critique and results into harsh disagreements. So, the institution of <em>Fatwa </em>is passing through a turmoil which is unbearable for the true adherents of Islamic faith and the preachers of religion. As a matter of fact, the field of religious legislation is quite vast and inclusive; the abundance of books written in this field since Abbasside age bear testimony to that. With everyday progress in the affairs of life, all the academic fields have upgraded themselves in terms of tools, methods and applications. Such must be the case of the institution of <em>Fatwa</em> as the matters and issues seeking legislation have undergone major changes. So, in this context, it is obligatory for Mufti to understand the spirit of jurisprudence of the time <em>Fiqh-al-Waqi’</em>. The latter is a term not merely related to understanding the current situation rather it is quite vast and comprehensive. This article is an attempt to shed light on true meaning of <em>Fiqh – al-waqi’</em>. The Jurisconsult or Mufti is obliged to have a lot of essential capabilities and potential to understand, analyze and apply the theoretical knowledge otherwise he would issue religious rulings bringing disastrous results for the society. This paper begins with definition of religious rulings then proceeds with the pre-requisites a Mufti must have before passing a religious ruling then mentions the types of Fatwas and the diversity of Jurisconsults. After the theoretical part, the paper discusses the instances of development of jurisprudence with the passage of time and its relevance to the changing circumstances since the age of the Holy Prophet P.B.U.H.</p> Dr. Ikram Ul Haq Al-Azhari, Dr. Zia Ullah bin Muhammad Jan, Dr. Maria Maan Copyright (c) 2022 CC Attribution 4.0 Wed, 10 Aug 2022 00:00:00 -0400 BALOCHI: براہوئی بتلانی زانش <p>Proverbs are collective wisdom of wise people. Proverbs are beautiful part of oral literature. Proverb is called (Matal) In Brahui language. Proverbs are important tool for convincing, warning, and guiding people. In this paper, the wisdom of some Brahui proverbs is focused in detail.</p> Dr. Zahid Hussain Dashti, Dr. Liaquat Ali Sani, Durdana Copyright (c) 2022 CC Attribution 4.0 Sat, 06 Aug 2022 00:00:00 -0400