URDU: پریم چند اور احمد ندیم قاسمی کے افسانوں میں سماجی و دیہاتی بیانیہ
Social and rural narrative in the fictions of Prem Chand and Ahmad Nadeem Qasmi
Keywords:Urdu literature, Social and rural narrative, fictions, Prem Chand, Ahmad Nadeem Qasmi
Urdu literature and the East are two perspectives, which are closely related. When we mention Urdu literature, it certainly includes cities and their colors, but the dominant narrative is villages. On the one hand, our urban life has long been in line with Western standards, and on the other hand, the majority of our population is rural. Those who have moved from the villages to the cities are still connected to the villages. Notwithstanding the fact that Who is the first fiction writer in Urdu literature, especially the tradition of short stories, Premchand could be considered one of the earliest short story writers. We can say that Urdu got very good fiction writers with high artistic and intellectual abilities from the very beginning. Although the general observation is that the first artist of a genre or art are remembered only for being the first, but in Urdu fiction this stage was set separately and in a positive way. Prem Chand not only played a part in the beginning of this genre but also did marvelously well to give it a recognition through his art. Like Prem Chand, Ahmad Nadeem Qasmi's rural and social narrative is also a part of this article. Of course, we cannot consider Ahmad Nadeem Qasmi and Prem Chand as contemporaries, but we can say that Ahmed Nadim Qasmi made rural narrative the subject of his short stories too. Despite differences in their approach, rural society Is the main theme of Prem chand and Qasmi and most of the short stories are the best reflection of the rural society. The tragedies of this society are also presented to the reader while embellishing them with high artistic abilities.
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