URDU: تردید عقائد معتزلہ تفسیرالاکلیل سورہ فاتحہ و بقرہ کی روشنی میں
the Negation of Muthazila Belifes in light of Interpretation of two Surahs (Fatiha and Baqarah) from Tafseer Al-Ikleel
Keywords:Muthazila school, Ahle Sunnat wal Jamaat, Beliefs.
Muthazila is a school of thought whose founder is Atta bin wasil muthazili, that is an Islamic school. After second centry hijra it originated in a council of Hassan basri(A reformatory and tutorial council) in the main mosque of basra when Atta bin wasil held separate category for the great sinners to be between the belivers and infidels and while stating this he left the basri council .It happened in ummayad era. The muthazila school is also known as jahmia and qadria, having twenty-two branches out of which the famous ones are wasila, ummarvia, uzila and jubaiya. Muthazila sect is based on five principles namely tawheed, (oneness of gad), Adal (justice), Manzalat bain al manzaltain, Waad wa waeed abn Amar bil maroof (bidding towards good) wa nahi anil munkar (forbidding from evil). The follower of Muthazila school oppose to ahle sunnat wal jamaat in many aspects of beliefs and jurisprudential laws and command. Such as: of attributes of Allah. Khalqe Quran (holding Quran as a creation). The belief of declaring a person the creater of his deeds. Not believing in heaving and hell for presently etc. Due to this famous scholar and virtuous predessors have rejected the belief of muthazila school of thought in their books, writing and brief talks. Allama Sayoti in his brief talks, jurisprudential remarks, interpretations on elicitations named (Al Ikleel fi istinbat al tanzeel) mentions time and again by reasoning from quranic verses negates the muthazila school, their beliefs and rules and regulation.Some of them are enumerated in this article.
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